A standard is an agreed way of making a product, managing a process, delivering a service or supplying materials.
Standards offer comfort. Standards give some predictability of outcomes; typically positive.
Standards can be agreed for many aspects of how we live, from standards for quality, performance, and safety, to standards for service delivery.
Subjectivity is a matter of opinion
Plato said, “Opinion is the medium between knowledge and ignorance”. However, our global telecommunications industry grew with opinions at the heart of quality management.
MOS, or Mean Opinion Score, is a methodology that historically originates from subjective measurements where listeners would sit in a "quiet room" and score telephone call quality. The methodology was used with simple perception-based scoring for years and years until the ITU (International Telecommunication Union) put some structure in place (in ITU-T P.800). The ITU specified that "the talker should be seated in a quiet room with a volume between 30 and 120 dB and a reverberation time less than 500 ms (preferably in the range 200–300 ms). The room noise level must be below 30 dBA with no dominant peaks in the spectrum." This level of standardization at least ensured a consistent setting where the listeners would then put their opinions in play.
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Adding science to telephone call quality
Spearline has made the technology leap from hissing tapes and crackling vinyl in the music world to high definition digital audio. While we might return to the former now and again for the sake of nostalgia, the music industry is focused on providing ever-higher levels of fidelity.
Our telephone conversations have not evolved at the same rate, some might argue. This may be due to the telephone networks originating as government utilities under the PTT banner - Post, Telegraph, Telephone; with the private sector investing more and taking more risk in development. It may be due to the utility nature of a person-to-person phone call, but with the advent of multi-party conferencing and collaboration, audio quality has become much more critical.
Perceptual Evaluation of Speech Quality, PESQ, provides a more objective, scientific approach. Otherwise known as ITU-T P.862, PESQ was introduced in 2001. It analyzes the speech signal and can be applied to provide an end-to-end quality assessment for a network or characterize individual network components.
With PESQ, audio quality on phone calls - mobile or fixed-line network; toll and toll-free services, VoIP or PSTN - can be assessed to an agreed international standard. There's no ambiguity, so you know exactly how your phone services are performing.
How does this science help businesses?
Businesses today are reaching out to wider markets and, for many, the internet has become their shop-front, and the phone is a major link to their customer. Consumers will use multiple modes of communicating such as email, web-chat, etc., but studies show that the phone call remains dominant and that people welcome the opportunity to talk through their problems or have their questions answered prior to purchase.
It's not enough to just measure connectivity - a call doesn't have to fail for the call to fail. The call might connect, but the line has so much background noise that the customer hangs up. So, the call connection didn't fail, but the call failed to generate the service or revenue you need it to.
Spearline is a technology company that proactively tests toll, toll-free, and premium-rate numbers for audio quality and connectivity globally. We support business sectors, such as contact centers, conferencing services, and other applications, in successfully connecting with their customers. If you are interested in benefiting from our platform, please get in touch with us.